GaussDB(DWS)性能调优:DM区优化案例——维度表关联条件存在会计期

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O泡果奶~ 发表于 2024/07/02 22:51:51 2024/07/02
【摘要】 当前DM(P1、P3、CBGDM)存在维度表与主表关联时使用会计期作为关联条件,会导致出现大内存占用或未识别数据倾斜的问题,本文主要针对这一类问题进行分析优化

当前DM(P1、P3、CBGDM)存在维度表与主表关联时使用会计期作为关联条件,会导致出现大内存占用未识别数据倾斜的问题

【场景一】f.period_id = 维度表.period_id

1.1、【问题描述】

主表和维度表关联过程中将会计期作为关联条件,导致维度表未进行分区剪枝,可能会产生大内存占用的情况

1.2、【原始SQL】

仅呈现SQL中的问题,详细SQL见附件

FROM
		DMACC.dm_adp_ar_trx_dtl_tmp F
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_REGION_RC_D REG ON F.COA_GEO_PC_KEY = REG.GEO_PC_KEY
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_PRODUCT_T_D T9 ON F.PROD_KEY = T9.PROD_KEY 
		AND T9.PROD_POV_ID = 1
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_PROJECT_D J ON F.PROJ_KEY = J.PROJ_KEY
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_CONTRACT_D HT ON HT.CONTRACT_KEY = F.CONTRACT_KEY
		LEFT JOIN DMCOMMON.DWR_CONFIG_DOMESTIC_FINANCE_V FIN ON F.COA_COMPANY_KEY = FIN.COMPANY_KEY 
		AND F.COA_GEO_PC_KEY = FIN.GEO_PC_KEY
		LEFT JOIN DMAR.DWB_FMD_DIM_INVOICE_PAY_PLAN_D PP ON F.AR_INVOICE_PAY_PLAN_ID = PP.AR_INVOICE_PAY_PLAN_ID 
		AND F.PERIOD_ID = PP.PERIOD_ID
		LEFT JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_INVOICE_V INV ON F.AR_INVOICE_ID = INV.AR_INVOICE_ID
		INNER JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_APPLICATION_V APP ON F.AR_APPLICATION_RECORD_ID = APP.AR_APPLICATION_RECORD_ID
		INNER JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_RECEIPT_V RCP ON F.AR_RECEIPT_RECORD_ID = RCP.AR_RECEIPT_RECORD_ID
		INNER JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_RECEIPT_TYPE_V RT ON RCP.RECEIPT_RECORD_TYPE_ID = RT.AR_RECEIPT_TYPE_ID
		LEFT JOIN (
		SELECT C
			.CONTRACT_KEY,
			D.COMPANY_KEY,
			R.FIRST_SHIP_DATE 
		FROM
			DMDIM.dm_dim_contract_d C,
			DMDIM.DM_DIM_COMPANY_D D,
			DMARDI.DWR_CTRCT_FIRST_SHIP_DATE_R R 
		WHERE
			C.CONTRACT_ID = R.CONTRACT_ID 
			AND D.COMPANY_ID = R.COMPANY_ID 
		) FR ON F.CONTRACT_KEY = FR.CONTRACT_KEY 
		AND F.COA_COMPANY_KEY = FR.COMPANY_KEY
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_SALES_MODE_D MO ON F.SALES_MODE_KEY = MO.SALES_MODE_KEY
		JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_JOURNAL_SOURCE_D T29 ON F.JE_SOURCE_ID = T29.JE_SOURCE_ID
		JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_JOURNAL_CATEGORY_D T30 ON F.JE_CATEGORY_ID = T30.JE_CATEGORY_ID 

1.3、【性能分析】

image.png
image.png
image.png
从上图的执行计划可以看出,由于用会计期作为关联条件,导致维度表未进行分区剪枝,数据量大,不但产生了数据倾斜,同时还由于数据量大出现了关联下盘,大大降低了sql执行性能。
主表只有一个会计期,可以识别出对应的会计期,然后对SQL进行如下改写:

FROM
		DMACC.dm_adp_ar_trx_dtl_tmp F
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_REGION_RC_D REG ON F.COA_GEO_PC_KEY = REG.GEO_PC_KEY
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_PRODUCT_T_D T9 ON F.PROD_KEY = T9.PROD_KEY 
		AND T9.PROD_POV_ID = 1
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_PROJECT_D J ON F.PROJ_KEY = J.PROJ_KEY
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_CONTRACT_D HT ON HT.CONTRACT_KEY = F.CONTRACT_KEY
		LEFT JOIN DMCOMMON.DWR_CONFIG_DOMESTIC_FINANCE_V FIN ON F.COA_COMPANY_KEY = FIN.COMPANY_KEY 
		AND F.COA_GEO_PC_KEY = FIN.GEO_PC_KEY
		LEFT JOIN DMAR.DWB_FMD_DIM_INVOICE_PAY_PLAN_D PP ON F.AR_INVOICE_PAY_PLAN_ID = PP.AR_INVOICE_PAY_PLAN_ID 
		AND PP.PERIOD_ID = '202406'
		LEFT JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_INVOICE_V INV ON F.AR_INVOICE_ID = INV.AR_INVOICE_ID
		INNER JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_APPLICATION_V APP ON F.AR_APPLICATION_RECORD_ID = APP.AR_APPLICATION_RECORD_ID
		INNER JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_RECEIPT_V RCP ON F.AR_RECEIPT_RECORD_ID = RCP.AR_RECEIPT_RECORD_ID
		INNER JOIN DMARDI.DWR_DIM_AR_RECEIPT_TYPE_V RT ON RCP.RECEIPT_RECORD_TYPE_ID = RT.AR_RECEIPT_TYPE_ID
		LEFT JOIN (
		SELECT C
			.CONTRACT_KEY,
			D.COMPANY_KEY,
			R.FIRST_SHIP_DATE 
		FROM
			DMDIM.dm_dim_contract_d C,
			DMDIM.DM_DIM_COMPANY_D D,
			DMARDI.DWR_CTRCT_FIRST_SHIP_DATE_R R 
		WHERE
			C.CONTRACT_ID = R.CONTRACT_ID 
			AND D.COMPANY_ID = R.COMPANY_ID 
		) FR ON F.CONTRACT_KEY = FR.CONTRACT_KEY 
		AND F.COA_COMPANY_KEY = FR.COMPANY_KEY
		INNER JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_SALES_MODE_D MO ON F.SALES_MODE_KEY = MO.SALES_MODE_KEY
		JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_JOURNAL_SOURCE_D T29 ON F.JE_SOURCE_ID = T29.JE_SOURCE_ID
		JOIN DMDIM.DM_DIM_JOURNAL_CATEGORY_D T30 ON F.JE_CATEGORY_ID = T30.JE_CATEGORY_ID 

经优化后,执行计划如下图所示,维度表进行了分区剪枝,数据量减少,缓解了数据倾斜,也避免了关联下盘的问题。
image.png
image.png

【场景二】f left join 维度表 on f.period_id = 维度表.period_id and 维度表.period_id = ‘会计期’

2.1、【问题描述】

主表和维度表关联过程中将会计期作为关联条件,同时还为维度表会计期进行赋值,可能会产生数据倾斜未识别的情况

2.2、【原始SQL】

FROM
		dmdp.dm_dpc_inv_m_dtl_f_TEM_A LT1
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_prod_key_r LT2 ON LT1.prod_key = LT2.old_key 
		AND LT1.period_id = LT2.period_id 
		AND LT2.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_reg_key_r LT3 ON LT1.period_id = LT3.period_id 
		AND LT1.geo_pc_key = LT3.old_key 
		AND LT3.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT4 ON LT1.period_id = LT4.period_id 
		AND LT1.account_dept_cust_key = LT4.old_key 
		AND LT4.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_proj_key_r LT5 ON LT1.period_id = LT5.period_id 
		AND LT1.proj_key = LT5.old_key 
		AND LT5.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT6 ON LT1.period_id = LT6.period_id 
		AND LT1.enterprise_cust_key = LT6.old_key 
		AND LT6.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_rep_key_r LT7 ON LT1.period_id = LT7.period_id 
		AND LT1.report_item_id = LT7.old_key 
		AND LT7.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_supply_center_key_r LT8 ON LT1.period_id = LT8.period_id 
		AND LT1.supply_center_key = LT8.old_key 
		AND LT8.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_inv_key_r LT9 ON LT1.period_id = LT9.period_id 
		AND LT1.inventory_class_key = LT9.old_key 
		AND LT9.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_bus_key_r LT10 ON LT1.period_id = LT10.period_id 
		AND LT1.business_status_key = LT10.old_key 
		AND LT10.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_hisi_key_r LT11 ON LT1.period_id = LT11.period_id 
		AND LT1.hisi_prod_key = LT11.old_key 
		AND LT11.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_inv_org_key_r LT12 ON LT1.period_id = LT12.period_id 
		AND LT1.inventory_org_key = LT12.old_key 
		AND LT12.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT13 ON LT1.period_id = LT13.period_id 
		AND LT1.end_cust_key = LT13.old_key 
		AND LT13.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT14 ON LT1.period_id = LT14.period_id 
		AND LT1.sign_cust_key = LT14.old_key 
		AND LT14.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT15 ON LT1.period_id = LT15.period_id 
		AND LT1.agent_distribution_cust_key = LT15.old_key 
		AND LT15.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_com_key_r LT16 ON LT1.period_id = LT16.period_id 
		AND LT1.company_key = LT16.old_key 
		AND LT16.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_con_key_r LT17 ON LT1.period_id = LT17.period_id 
		AND LT1.contract_key = LT17.old_key 
		AND LT17.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_con_key_r LT18 ON LT1.period_id = LT18.period_id 
		AND LT1.loan_contract_key = LT18.old_key 
		AND LT18.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_supply_center_key_r LT19 ON LT1.period_id = LT19.period_id 
		AND LT1.target_supply_center_key = LT19.old_key 
		AND LT19.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_subinventory_key_r LT20 ON LT1.period_id = LT20.period_id 
		AND LT1.subinventory_key = LT20.old_key 
		AND LT20.PERIOD_ID = 202406 
	WHERE
		1 = 1 
	AND partition_value IN ( 0, 1 )

2.3、【性能分析】

image.png
image.png
上图的执行计划可以看出,在主表一开始关联过程中就存在数据倾斜,导致SQL执行性能差。
image.png
image.png
详细执行计划中,虽然维度表进行了分区剪枝,但由于使用了 left join,导致关联条件中维度表的常量period_id不能直接赋值给主表period_id,主表关联后的结果重分布时将period_id作为了分布键之一,这会影响优化器的倾斜优化。
可以将f.period_id = 维度表.period_id这一关联条件删掉,对sql进行如下改写

FROM
		dmdp.dm_dpc_inv_m_dtl_f_TEM_A LT1
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_prod_key_r LT2 ON LT1.prod_key = LT2.old_key 
		AND LT2.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_reg_key_r LT3 ON LT1.geo_pc_key = LT3.old_key 
		AND LT3.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT4 ON LT1.account_dept_cust_key = LT4.old_key 
		AND LT4.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_proj_key_r LT5 ON LT1.proj_key = LT5.old_key 
		AND LT5.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT6 ON LT1.enterprise_cust_key = LT6.old_key 
		AND LT6.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_rep_key_r LT7 ON LT1.report_item_id = LT7.old_key 
		AND LT7.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_supply_center_key_r LT8 ON LT1.supply_center_key = LT8.old_key 
		AND LT8.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_inv_key_r LT9 ON LT1.inventory_class_key = LT9.old_key 
		AND LT9.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_bus_key_r LT10 ON LT1.business_status_key = LT10.old_key 
		AND LT10.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_hisi_key_r LT11 ON LT1.hisi_prod_key = LT11.old_key 
		AND LT11.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_inv_org_key_r LT12 ON LT1.inventory_org_key = LT12.old_key 
		AND LT12.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT13 ON LT1.end_cust_key = LT13.old_key 
		AND LT13.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT14 ON LT1.sign_cust_key = LT14.old_key 
		AND LT14.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_cus_key_r LT15 ON LT1.agent_distribution_cust_key = LT15.old_key 
		AND LT15.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_com_key_r LT16 ON LT1.company_key = LT16.old_key 
		AND LT16.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_con_key_r LT17 ON LT1.contract_key = LT17.old_key 
		AND LT17.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_con_key_r LT18 ON LT1.loan_contract_key = LT18.old_key 
		AND LT18.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_supply_center_key_r LT19 ON LT1.target_supply_center_key = LT19.old_key 
		AND LT19.PERIOD_ID = 202406
		LEFT JOIN dmcommon.dm_dim_subinventory_key_r LT20 ON LT1.subinventory_key = LT20.old_key 
		AND LT20.PERIOD_ID = 202406 
	WHERE
		1 = 1 
	AND partition_value IN ( 0, 1 )

改写后,执行计划如下所示
image.png
可以看出,执行计划不但进行了分区剪枝,同时优化器还进行了倾斜优化,提高了SQL执行性能

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