在Modelarts的Codelab里安装ffmpeg

黄生 发表于 2021/12/29 22:13:16 2021/12/29
【摘要】 先下载,有点慢,耐心等下载后进行解压看下configure的选项,和INSTALL.md  --prefix=PREFIX          install in PREFIX [/usr/local]  这个要改一下,默认路径我肯定是没有权限的INSTALL.md里面没有说要加什么选项,那就直接往下看上去够呛,ln命令被禁用了。先加个--disable-x86asm试试继续,make -j...

先下载,有点慢,耐心等

下载后进行解压

看下configure的选项,和INSTALL.md

  --prefix=PREFIX          install in PREFIX [/usr/local]  这个要改一下,默认路径我肯定是没有权限的

INSTALL.md里面没有说要加什么选项,那就直接往下

看上去够呛,ln命令被禁用了。先加个--disable-x86asm试试

继续,make -j8

我也迷惑了,到底使用了多少资源


应该是2核4G的,只是用top看,远不止这点资源,而且确实有多个cc在同时使用CPU

make成功了,进行make install

也没报错,能走到这里,有点出乎我的意料了

好了就好,bin下有ffmpeg和ffprobe这二个工具,其中ffprobe可以查看多媒体文件的元数据,

输出比较多(专业?),不如华为云产品MPC里的简洁。但是,信息都是有的,并且是一致的。

比如:采样率、编码格式、信道数、码率

看一下ffmpeg的选项,抽取音频

-vn                 disable video

-ar rate            set audio sampling rate (in Hz)

-an                 disable audio

-ac channels        set number of audio channels

-ab bitrate         audio bitrate (please use -b:a)
-b bitrate          video bitrate (please use -b:v)

-f fmt              force format

-encoders           show available encoders

ffmpeg不支持mp3编码,只支持mp3解码,

这个可以使用ffmpeg -encoders和 -decoders来查看

如果要有,那的从编译时加上mp3的编码库,就不折腾了,改用AAC格式

下面是分离出音频的命令

ffmpeg/bin/ffmpeg -i media/intro.mp4 -vn -ar 48000 -ac 2 -ab 192k  media/intro.aac

附ffmpeg的选项清单:

Hyper fast Audio and Video encoder
usage: ffmpeg [options] [[infile options] -i infile]... {[outfile options] outfile}...

Getting help:
    -h      -- print basic options
    -h long -- print more options
    -h full -- print all options (including all format and codec specific options, very long)
    -h type=name -- print all options for the named decoder/encoder/demuxer/muxer/filter/bsf/protocol
    See man ffmpeg for detailed description of the options.

Print help / information / capabilities:
-L                  show license
-h topic            show help
-? topic            show help
-help topic         show help
--help topic        show help
-version            show version
-buildconf          show build configuration
-formats            show available formats
-muxers             show available muxers
-demuxers           show available demuxers
-devices            show available devices
-codecs             show available codecs
-decoders           show available decoders
-encoders           show available encoders
-bsfs               show available bit stream filters
-protocols          show available protocols
-filters            show available filters
-pix_fmts           show available pixel formats
-layouts            show standard channel layouts
-sample_fmts        show available audio sample formats
-colors             show available color names
-sources device     list sources of the input device
-sinks device       list sinks of the output device
-hwaccels           show available HW acceleration methods

Global options (affect whole program instead of just one file):
-loglevel loglevel  set logging level
-v loglevel         set logging level
-report             generate a report
-max_alloc bytes    set maximum size of a single allocated block
-y                  overwrite output files
-n                  never overwrite output files
-ignore_unknown     Ignore unknown stream types
-filter_threads     number of non-complex filter threads
-filter_complex_threads  number of threads for -filter_complex
-stats              print progress report during encoding
-max_error_rate maximum error rate  ratio of decoding errors (0.0: no errors, 1.0: 100% errors) above which ffmpeg returns an error instead of success.
-bits_per_raw_sample number  set the number of bits per raw sample
-vol volume         change audio volume (256=normal)

Per-file main options:
-f fmt              force format
-c codec            codec name
-codec codec        codec name
-pre preset         preset name
-map_metadata outfile[,metadata]:infile[,metadata]  set metadata information of outfile from infile
-t duration         record or transcode "duration" seconds of audio/video
-to time_stop       record or transcode stop time
-fs limit_size      set the limit file size in bytes
-ss time_off        set the start time offset
-sseof time_off     set the start time offset relative to EOF
-seek_timestamp     enable/disable seeking by timestamp with -ss
-timestamp time     set the recording timestamp ('now' to set the current time)
-metadata string=string  add metadata
-program title=string:st=number...  add program with specified streams
-target type        specify target file type ("vcd", "svcd", "dvd", "dv" or "dv50" with optional prefixes "pal-", "ntsc-" or "film-")
-apad               audio pad
-frames number      set the number of frames to output
-filter filter_graph  set stream filtergraph
-filter_script filename  read stream filtergraph description from a file
-reinit_filter      reinit filtergraph on input parameter changes
-discard            discard
-disposition        disposition

Video options:
-vframes number     set the number of video frames to output
-r rate             set frame rate (Hz value, fraction or abbreviation)
-fpsmax rate        set max frame rate (Hz value, fraction or abbreviation)
-s size             set frame size (WxH or abbreviation)
-aspect aspect      set aspect ratio (4:3, 16:9 or 1.3333, 1.7777)
-bits_per_raw_sample number  set the number of bits per raw sample
-vn                 disable video
-vcodec codec       force video codec ('copy' to copy stream)
-timecode hh:mm:ss[:;.]ff  set initial TimeCode value.
-pass n             select the pass number (1 to 3)
-vf filter_graph    set video filters
-ab bitrate         audio bitrate (please use -b:a)
-b bitrate          video bitrate (please use -b:v)
-dn                 disable data

Audio options:
-aframes number     set the number of audio frames to output
-aq quality         set audio quality (codec-specific)
-ar rate            set audio sampling rate (in Hz)
-ac channels        set number of audio channels
-an                 disable audio
-acodec codec       force audio codec ('copy' to copy stream)
-vol volume         change audio volume (256=normal)
-af filter_graph    set audio filters

Subtitle options:
-s size             set frame size (WxH or abbreviation)
-sn                 disable subtitle
-scodec codec       force subtitle codec ('copy' to copy stream)
-stag fourcc/tag    force subtitle tag/fourcc
-fix_sub_duration   fix subtitles duration
-canvas_size size   set canvas size (WxH or abbreviation)
-spre preset        set the subtitle options to the indicated preset



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