流量回放工具之GoReplay output-http 源码分析

zuozewei 发表于 2021/11/06 12:00:16 2021/11/06
【摘要】 GoReplay 对数据流的抽象出了两个概念,即用 输入(input )和 输出(output )来表示数据来源与去向,统称为 plugin,用介于输入和输出模块之间的中间件实现拓展机制。

前言

GoReplay 对数据流的抽象出了两个概念,即用 输入(input )输出(output ) 来表示数据来源与去向,统称为 plugin,用介于输入和输出模块之间的中间件实现拓展机制。

output_http.go:主要是http输出的插件,实现 http 协议, 实现 io.Writer 接口,最后根据配置注册到 Plugin.outputs 队列里。

参数说明

-output-http value  //转发进入的请求到一个http地址上
        Forwards incoming requests to given http address.
                # Redirect all incoming requests to staging.com address 
                gor --input-raw :80 --output-http http://staging.com
  -output-http-elasticsearch string  //把请求和响应状态发送到 ElasticSearch
        Send request and response stats to ElasticSearch:
                gor --input-raw :8080 --output-http staging.com --output-http-elasticsearch 'es_host:api_port/index_name'
  -output-http-queue-len int //http输出队列大小
        Number of requests that can be queued for output, if all workers are busy. default = 1000 (default 1000)
  -output-http-redirects int  // 设置多少次重定向被允许,默认忽略
        Enable how often redirects should be followed.
  -output-http-response-buffer value  //最大接收响应大小(缓冲区)
        HTTP response buffer size, all data after this size will be discarded.
  -output-http-skip-verify
        Don't verify hostname on TLS secure connection.
  -output-http-stats  //每5秒钟输出一次输出队列的状态
        Report http output queue stats to console every N milliseconds. See output-http-stats-ms
  -output-http-stats-ms int
        Report http output queue stats to console every N milliseconds. default: 5000 (default 5000)
  -output-http-timeout duration  //指定 http 的 request/response 超时时间,默认是 5 秒 
        Specify HTTP request/response timeout. By default 5s. Example: --output-http-timeout 30s (default 5s)
  -output-http-track-response
        If turned on, HTTP output responses will be set to all outputs like stdout, file and etc.
  -output-http-worker-timeout duration
        Duration to rollback idle workers. (default 2s)
  -output-http-workers int  //gor默认是动态的扩展工作者数量,你也可以指定固定数量的工作者
        Gor uses dynamic worker scaling. Enter a number to set a maximum number of workers. default = 0 = unlimited.
  -output-http-workers-min int
        Gor uses dynamic worker scaling. Enter a number to set a minimum number of workers. default = 1.

默认情况下,Gor 创建一个动态工作池:
它从 10 开始,并在 HTTP 输出队列长度大于 10 时创建更多的 HTTP 输出工作者。创建的工人数量(N)等于该工作时间的队列长度检查并发现其长度大于10.每次将消息写入HTTP输出队列时都检查队列长度。在产生N名工人的请求得到满足之前,不会再有工人产卵。如果动态工作人员当时不能处理消息,它将睡眠 100 毫秒。如果动态工作人员无法处理消息2秒钟,则会死亡。可以使用 --output-http-workers=20 选项指定固定数量的工人

HTTP 输出工作数量

NewHTTPOutput 默认情况:
在这里插入图片描述

// NewHTTPOutput constructor for HTTPOutput
// Initialize workers
func NewHTTPOutput(address string, config *HTTPOutputConfig) PluginReadWriter {
	o := new(HTTPOutput)
	var err error
	config.url, err = url.Parse(address)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(fmt.Sprintf("[OUTPUT-HTTP] parse HTTP output URL error[%q]", err))
	}
	if config.url.Scheme == "" {
		config.url.Scheme = "http"
	}
	config.rawURL = config.url.String()
	if config.Timeout < time.Millisecond*100 {
		config.Timeout = time.Second
	}
	if config.BufferSize <= 0 {
		config.BufferSize = 100 * 1024 // 100kb
	}
	if config.WorkersMin <= 0 {
		config.WorkersMin = 1
	}
	if config.WorkersMin > 1000 {
		config.WorkersMin = 1000
	}
	if config.WorkersMax <= 0 {
		config.WorkersMax = math.MaxInt32 // idealy so large
	}
	if config.WorkersMax < config.WorkersMin {
		config.WorkersMax = config.WorkersMin
	}
	if config.QueueLen <= 0 {
		config.QueueLen = 1000
	}
	if config.RedirectLimit < 0 {
		config.RedirectLimit = 0
	}
	if config.WorkerTimeout <= 0 {
		config.WorkerTimeout = time.Second * 2
	}
	o.config = config
	o.stop = make(chan bool)
	//是否收集统计信息,统计输出间隔是多少
	if o.config.Stats {
		o.queueStats = NewGorStat("output_http", o.config.StatsMs)
	}

	o.queue = make(chan *Message, o.config.QueueLen)
	if o.config.TrackResponses {
		o.responses = make(chan *response, o.config.QueueLen)
	}
	// it should not be buffered to avoid races
	o.stopWorker = make(chan struct{})

	if o.config.ElasticSearch != "" {
		o.elasticSearch = new(ESPlugin)
		o.elasticSearch.Init(o.config.ElasticSearch)
	}
	o.client = NewHTTPClient(o.config)
	o.activeWorkers += int32(o.config.WorkersMin)
	for i := 0; i < o.config.WorkersMin; i++ {
		go o.startWorker()
	}
	go o.workerMaster()
	return o
}

配置后启动 httpclient:
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o.client = NewHTTPClient(o.config)
	o.activeWorkers += int32(o.config.WorkersMin)
	for i := 0; i < o.config.WorkersMin; i++ {
		go o.startWorker()
	}

启动多个发送进程:
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func (o *HTTPOutput) startWorker() {
	for {
		select {
		case <-o.stopWorker:
			return
		case msg := <-o.queue:
			o.sendRequest(o.client, msg)
		}
	}
}

执行发送:
在这里插入图片描述

func (o *HTTPOutput) sendRequest(client *HTTPClient, msg *Message) {
	if !isRequestPayload(msg.Meta) {
		return
	}

	uuid := payloadID(msg.Meta)
	start := time.Now()
	resp, err := client.Send(msg.Data)
	stop := time.Now()

	if err != nil {
		Debug(1, fmt.Sprintf("[HTTP-OUTPUT] error when sending: %q", err))
		return
	}
	if resp == nil {
		return
	}

	if o.config.TrackResponses {
		o.responses <- &response{resp, uuid, start.UnixNano(), stop.UnixNano() - start.UnixNano()}
	}

	if o.elasticSearch != nil {
		o.elasticSearch.ResponseAnalyze(msg.Data, resp, start, stop)
	}
}

发送细节,各种配置生效点:
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// Send sends an http request using client create by NewHTTPClient
func (c *HTTPClient) Send(data []byte) ([]byte, error) {
	var req *http.Request
	var resp *http.Response
	var err error

	req, err = http.ReadRequest(bufio.NewReader(bytes.NewReader(data)))
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	// we don't send CONNECT or OPTIONS request
	if req.Method == http.MethodConnect {
		return nil, nil
	}

	if !c.config.OriginalHost {
		req.Host = c.config.url.Host
	}

	// fix #862
	if c.config.url.Path == "" && c.config.url.RawQuery == "" {
		req.URL.Scheme = c.config.url.Scheme
		req.URL.Host = c.config.url.Host
	} else {
		req.URL = c.config.url
	}

	// force connection to not be closed, which can affect the global client
	req.Close = false
	// it's an error if this is not equal to empty string
	req.RequestURI = ""

	resp, err = c.Client.Do(req)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	if c.config.TrackResponses {
		return httputil.DumpResponse(resp, true)
	}
	_ = resp.Body.Close()
	return nil, nil

HTTP 输出队列

在这里插入图片描述

队列用在哪儿呢?
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代码逻辑调用图

在这里插入图片描述

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